After electric cars and electric buses, here comes the electric motorcycle.
If you are interested in absolute energy independence or the total elimination of polluting emissions, you can power an electric motorcycle with fully renewable energy sources. An innovation for two-wheeler enthusiasts who want to take a small step towards a greener world.
How does it work?
Most electric motorcycles are equipped with a direct drive powertrain. Under the effect of a magnetic field, a static part (the stator) excites a moving part (the rotor) and thus creates a force. Thanks to an axle installed on the rotor, mechanical energy is transmitted from the motor to the rear wheel via a chain or belt that is constantly under tension. Some engines are assisted by a controller that manages power, acceleration, engine braking or energy recovery.
The vast majority of electric motorcycles use lithium-ion or lithium-polymer batteries, which offer the best capacity/weight/cost/long life ratio. They are under the control of a management system (BMS, Battery Manager System) that optimally manages charges and discharges in order to optimize the battery life. The lifetime of a battery varies from 290,000 to 730,000 km depending on the model, which is probably more than the life of the motorcycle. Good news, because the cost of replacing a battery can sometimes be as much as half the value of the vehicle.
The range depends essentially on the type of road and the type of driving, or even the weather conditions. An electric motorcycle consumes less energy in the city than on the road. To choose the bike that best suits your needs, it is recommended to calculate the distance you ride each day. The same electric motorcycle often achieves different autonomy times from one full charge to another. You can use specifications such as city, highway or combined range as a reference to estimate what the actual range of the motorcycle would be for your personal use.
For most electric motorcycles, no special equipment is required: your standard household outlets can be used as charging stations for much less than the cost of gasoline. Plug in at night to start the day with a full tank. Some electric motorcycles have removable batteries that can then be recharged at home without the strain of the wire running to the vehicle. Allow an average of 6 to 8 hours of charging time on a household outlet, 1 to 4 hours on a supercharger.
-No routine engine maintenance:
Apart from normal wear and tear parts (tires, brake pads or chain/transmission belt), the maintenance of an electric motorcycle is extremely simplified. For models with an oil cooling system, only an annual oil change is recommended. The constant torque of an electric motor allows it to do without gearboxes and clutches. The powertrain of these motorcycles therefore eliminates the sludge problems of fossil fuel burners.
– A long-term perspective:
An electric motorcycle saves money from day one and throughout the bike’s life cycle. Every kilometer is economical, with no maintenance or fuel costs. For the owners, this translates into significantly higher savings than if they had purchased a gas-powered model. An electric motorcycle becomes more and more energy efficient and environmentally friendly over time.
The market reaction and statistics in the coming years will determine whether the introduction of electric motorcycles will be profitable. What about you? Do you think this innovation has everything it takes to attract a younger generation and remain relevant in the recreational vehicle market?